Social Studies 20

What human rights stand out to you?: Day One of S.S. 20

1.We are all born free and equal.

2.The right to life.

3.The right to privacy.

4.We are always innocent until proven guilty.

5. Freedom of thought.

6.The right to your own things.

7.The right to education.

8.Responsibility.

9.Marriage and family.

10.Social Security.

 


History of Human Rights: Day Two

Rights- Things in which you are entitled or allowed. Freedom in which you are meant to be granted.

-Cyrus the Great is one of the first leaders to totally destroy slavery. In the beginning there was no such thing as human rights. If you weren’t with the in crowd, then you were basically out of luck. While Cyrus abolished slavery, he ALSO said it was alright to choose your own religion.

Natural Law- Laws people typically, followed naturally.

-1945 is when World War II ended. The whole world was forced to come together to form the declaration of Human Rights.

-The united nations by law is not enforceable by law. They’re not forced to follow the declaration of human rights.


 February 9th/2015: Hammurabi

Hammurabi 1754 b.c. had an idea of an eye for an eye ( if you do something to me, you’re going to pay for it). The code consisted of 282 laws. These were how to deal with a family, sexual issues, issues of paternity & wages. Back then, they were very simple. You kill someone, you’d be killed.

Machiavelli

Machiavelli, late 1400’s. He approached the government to allow the means justify the ends.

Slavery

-A system in which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and forced to work.

What does it mean to be enslaved?

-Slavery, the socio-economic condition of being owned and worked by and for someone else. If you are bought or sold into slavery, you are enslaved.


Destination, Auction and Seasoning

– Most Africans landed in Brazil with the least number landing in North America

-Slaves were auctioned off to the highest bidder

-Slaves were put through a process of “season to get them ready for work”

-They learned an European language, were named an European name, and were shown labor requirements.


Reasons for Using Enslaved African Labor

-Only took 2-6 weeks to get the colonies from the Caribbean at first.

-Experience in working in sugar and rice products.

-Immunity from diseases-less likely to get sick due to prolonged contact over centuries.

-Low escape possibilities. They didn’t know the land, had no allies, and were highly visible because of the skin colour.

The Effects of the American Revolution and the Constitution

-Gradual abolition of slavery in the northern colonies.

-End of the Atlantic Slave Trade in 1808.

-Entrenchment of slavery in the south with the invention of the cotton gin.


Life of a Slave

-Most slaves had Sundays off and they went to church

-Most slaves couldn’t read or write and it was illegal for them to learn.

-Slave Codes: They could NOT leave their home without a pass, carry a weapon, gather in groups, own property, legally marry, defend themselves against a white person, or speak in court.


 Resistance

-Flight-Slaves would run away.

-Truancy-Flight for a short amount of time and then the slave came back.

-Refusal to reproduce- Women refused to have children.

-Covert-Action-Slaves would sometimes kill animals, destroy crops, start fires, steal stuff, break tools, poison food.


Punishment

-Slaves were often brutally punished for misbehaving

-Punishments included: whipping, branding, being sold, gagged, and other torturous methods were used.


Election of 1860 and the Start of the Civil War

-Abraham was elected president in 1860 without any southern electoral votes.

-Many southern states quickly seceded from the Union South Carolina leading the way.

-Southern troops fired upon Fort Sumter, starting the Civil wAR.

-The North fought to preserve the Union, while the South fought to preserve slavery.


The Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation

– Early in the war, Lincoln began to think about ending slavery in the South to help end the war.

-On September 22, 1862 he issued the Emancipation Proclamation which declared an end to slavery in the states in rebellion on January 1, 1863.

-What did it do? NOTHING. It only freed slaves in the states that had seceded


End of the Civil War

-The South lost, and the states were forced to accept the 13th Amendment to the Constitution before they could be readmitted into the Union.

-13th Amendment: it abolished slavery in the United States.


Where Else and What Else?

-Child Slavery – Sex Slave trade – Child Soldier

-Blood diamonds – Pornography

-Chocolate Industry – Drug Industry


Jim Crow Laws

-“It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other in any game of cards or dice, dominoes or checkers.”
—Birmingham, Alabama, 1930

-“Separate free schools shall be established for the education of children of African descent; and it shall be unlawful for any coloured child to attend any white school, or any white child to attend a coloured school.”
—Missouri, 1929

-“All railroads carrying passengers in the state (other than street railroads) shall provide equal but separate accommodations for the white and coloured races, by providing two or more passenger cars for each passenger train, or by dividing the cars by a partition, so as to secure separate accommodations.”
—Tennessee, 1891


 Martin Luther King Jr.

-Known for being a non-violent leader

-A Christian man, grew up in the church, well-read in the scripture. Following the family tradition, he decided to become a minister.

-Bachelors of Arts degree in sociology and theology.

-Empower his people.

-His platform was: we can stick together

-Threats and Violence do not intimidate us.

-We believe in ourselves.


Segregation

De facto segregation- unwritten segregation through customs, housing patterns, and traditions.

De jure segregation- legal segregation through written laws.


 Social 20: Key People

The bullet from my gun started the First World War in history -Gavrilio Princip

“Many say our world is at a tipping point. If we do not act together, if we do not act responsibly, if we do not act now, we risk slipping into a cycle of poverty, degradation & despair.” -Ban Ki-moon

Superman Complex and altered photos of himself. One of my greatest achievements was defeating Ethiopia. Shot and later hung for people to see. -Mussolini

“Genius is one percent inspiration and 99% perspiration” Greatest inventor of the 20th century -Thomas Edison

“We are here to see that every people in the world shall choose its own masters and govern its own destinies.” Spoken during the 1918. -Woodrow Wilson

Gave his people land, food, and bread. I said “that no revolutionary movement can endure without a stable organization of leaders.” -Vladimir Lenin

The fine leader helped prevent World War III from happening in Cuba. -John F. Kennedy

Brought Communism to the largest population in the world in 1947, but also was responsible for the largest genocide in world history, in which over 50 million people were killed. -Mao Zedong

Created the “I Have A Dream” Speech -Martin Luther King

Nickname is “Bulldog” b/c of how he rallied his country to victory in the World War II – Winston Churchill

We are fifty years behind the advanced countries. Saved my country from the nazi’s using the scorched earth policy  – Joseph Stalin

If we were to divide mankind into three groups; founders of culture, the bearers of culture, and the destroyers of culture, only the aryan race would be used to rule the third french – Adolf Hitler

Change has come to America. We are the change that we seek. if there is anyone out there who still doubts that America is a place where all things are possible. – Obama

Fears that we have just awoken the sleeping giant. spoken after the shocking and successful invasion of Hawaii in1941 -Emperor Hirohito

When you inoculate children with a polio vaccine you don’t sleep well for two or three months. – Jonas Salk

“Be the change you wish to see in the world” was spoken by this famous man who believe in peaceful resistance. I ended Imperialism in my country but for my efforts was later murdered in 1947 by a muslim extremist. – Gandhi

18) I am quoted as saying “dear young people let yourself be taken over by the life of christ and spread the light where ever you are”. I was a famous canonized leader of the catholic church.-   Pope john Paul the 2nd

I am known as the “Holy Healer” in Russia but I was poisoned, shot, and later drowned in one of the most famous deaths in world history. they have also written a pop culture song about him. – Rasputin

The U.S. government is unjust, criminal and tyrannical… it is our duty to make jihad (holy war) so that we drive the Americans away from all muslim countries. There was a bounty on my head worth $27 million, but i was killed by U.S forces in 2011 and my body was dumped into the ocean – Osama Bin Laden

I was testing weapons that had the world watching me, i was the leader of north Korea until 2011. I was featured by the west because they thought i had weapons os mass destruction.- Kim Jong II

It’s not the mountain we conquer it’s ourselves. people do not decide to be extroidenary, they decide to accomplish extra ordinary things. i was the first person to climb to the top of the world with my Sherpa Tarzig Norgay,. –Hilary

If you use the original world wide web program, you never use URL or have to deal with HTML. I created the internet. – Tim Berners-lee

My legacy includes ordering the dropping of 2 atomic bombs on japan. who knew these weapons would be so precise in ending world war 2. – Harry S. Truman

The Watergates Scandal broke and I spoke out publicly that ” I was not a crook”, but I lied, because i was a crook. – Richard Nixon

I have created ” peace in our time.” I stated this after speaking with Adolf Hitler before world war 2 started. – Neville Chamberlain

I spoke 2 key words for my country and they were “perestroika” and “glasnost” and ultimately these two words helped end the cold war. most remember me for my birth mark. -Mikhail Gorbachev

I was assassinated in sarajevo my death sparked the first great war. –Ferdinand

”Every nation in every region, now has a decision to make. “either you are with us or you are with the terrorists”.  – George W. Bush Jr.

Yesterday….. a date which will live in infamy. The United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked…” spoken in 1941. – Franklin Roosevelt

I am the current leader of Canada who apologized to Aboriginal people who were involved in the residential schools issue in Canadian. I want to expand oil sands development. –  Stephen Harper

I am the 3rd richest man in recored history. I was the last ruler of Absolute Russia Then my family and i were murdered. – Czar Nicholas Romanov 2

I survived the Bay of Pigs invasion and am the longest serving Communist leader in 20th century history. – Fidel Castro

34) “Mr. Gorbachev tear down this wall.” I was almost assassinated and the i brought the  Star Wars project. Hollywood actor turned leader. –  Ronald Reagan

“One giant step for man, one giant step for man kind.” ( maybe i should have said, “to infinite and beyond” ?It just sounds cooler.) –Neil Armstrong

I was the leader of one of the big 3 countries after world war one and i wanted to severely punish Germany after world war one. i also hosted the peace conference of Versailles. – George Benjamin Clemenceau

I am the most powerful man in the Catholic Church. – Pope Francis

“I have to be seen to be believed.” Has been a monarch in England for 1/2 a century. Also the Head of State in Canada. – Queen Elizabeth II

It is inevitable for China and the United States to have different views on some issues as the 2 countries have different history culture and domestic situation. I am a leader of the most populated and communist country in the world – Hu Jintao

I was voted as Canada’s greatest Canadian for my creation of universal medi-care which i bought to my province, Saskatchewan. –  Tommy Duoglas

“Money is not a goal. the goal is to make companies grow, develop, be competitive, be in different areas, be efficient to have a great human team inside the company.” The second richest person in the world. – Carlos Helu

Imagination is more important than knowledge. the important thing is not to stop questioning curiosity has it’s own reason for existing. – AlbertEinstein


Russian Serfs (Peasants):

– Russia was divided into 2 groups – very rich and the very poor

-For a communist govt. to work, the majority of the people NEED to be forced into working. Those working conditions are not often fair.

Bloody Sunday

-In 1905 Russia lost a war with Japan.

-This angered many serfs and workers.

-January 22nd thousands of people marched on the Winter Palace to ask Czar Nicholas for reforms/change.

Time for a Change

-Czar Nicholas was forced to give up his throne and a weak government took over.

-Bolsheviks were the one’s who wanted change

-Mensheviks are the monarchy who preserved change (Gar Nick king)

Lenin Brings Communism to Russia

-1917: Vladimir Lenin pushed the weak government aside and Communists took control of Russia

-1922: Lenin reorganized the country and named it the Soviet Union.

Why Communism?

-A theory that says the government should own the farms and factories for the benefit of all the citizens

-Everyone should share the work equally and receive a equal share of the rewards.

-Socialist is a mixture between capitalist and communist.

Gandhi

-Gandhi’s home country was India

-There was a war over salt.

-Political and Spiritual leader in the 20th century

-Vegetarian (so none violent, so for kindness and protecting living beings.

-Indian independence movement; indian people wanted to be treated equally

Imperialism- taking over; the policy of extending the rule or authority of a empire over foreign countries.

Oppression-prolonged cruel or unjust treatment or control

-In 1947 India became a independent nation

-Pakistan was born when India became independent

-If I am a follower of AHIMSA, I must love my enemy.” (Gandhi) SATYA (truth) + AGRAHA (firmness, clinging, force) = Clinging to Truth “Satyagraha is putting AHIMSA into action and is called in English “truth-force” or “soul-force” This passage helps us to understand what Gandhi meant when we described his life journey in these words.

Jihad- Holy water

Satya (truth) + agraha (clinging force)

Gender Roles in Media

-As soon as you are born you are influenced by gender messages.

-The culture into which you were born furthered defined your gender views. At some point in your life you experienced a gender moment, a moment when you were aware that you were being shaped by the notions of gender pressure in your childhood, your culture, and your society.

  1. Superiority and domination – men are shown in dominant positions. Women are physically portrayed in subordinate poses.
  2. Dismemberment – such as the body such as legs, chest, est., are photographed, rather than full body. ( cut off portion off body and show it to you)
  3. Clowning and Exaggeration – Woman are shown in positions that make them look contorted or foolish ( sexy, feminine, petite, ect.) while men appear in positions reflective of thoughts and intelligence.
  4. Male Approval – males desire and woman are desired, woman are shown as recipients of male approval.
  5. The voice – Over Authority – Male voices are used as voice – over’s in commercials rather than females.
  6. Irrelevant Sexualization of Woman and Girls: Woman’s bodies are used to sell products even if the product has nothing to do with sex. These codes and conventions affect the message of the aid and our attitudes about gender.

*the gender gap. is when males and females are still treated differently today.*

*The gender moment is when you are specifically treated like a girl and boy so for me it would be a girl.(need to have a moment to use)*


5 Principals of Media

The mass media constructs reality?

-The mass media carefully crafts messages that present a particular sense of what the world is and how it works?

-The mass media have their own forms and conventions?

-The mass media present values?

-Expensive?

-Environmentally friendly?

-Family oriented?

-Educational?

-The mass media are businesses and media messages often have commercial implications?

-Why would you want to advertise that product?

-Why would a store put a specific aid in the window?


Political Prisoner- Someone imprisoned because they have opposed or criticized the government responsible.

EXAMPLE: Gandhi, Nelson Mandela

Xenophobiaintense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries


CURRENT North Korean Camps:

-People declared “politically unreliable”

-Secluded mountain areas

-200,000 people

-lifelong detention and then death.

-Put into “re-education camps” (torture camps)


Who are the perpetrators?

Torture is inflicted by or at the instigation or with the consent of acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in official capacity.

Those most likely to be involved in torture include persons such as:

-prison officers/detention staff/police/military

But perpetrators may also include:

-health/legal professionals/ co-detainees acting with approval or on the orders of public officials.

In the context of armed conflicts, torture and other forms of ill-treatment could also be inflicted by:

-opposition forces

-the general population (in civil war situations)


 

Nuremberg Trials twelve prominent Nazis were sentenced to death. Most of the defendants admitted to the crimes of which they were accused. People who were forced under the govt. to kill innocent people were put on trial.

Genocide– the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.

The Kurds are an ancient Iranian ethnicity spread out across several nations in the Middle East.


The Maori- people of New Zealand. The have dwelled in the area for some hundred years. About 500 years ago, a group of Maori migrated to the nearby Catham Islands, where they began their own society that focused on peaceful living.  The other group was not peaceful. They traded europeans for guns, used these guns to go back to peaceful tribe to kill them all.

 

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